We all know the nursery rhyme about Lizzie Borden and the untimely demise of her parents. But how much of it is true? And what actually happened in that Massachusetts house in 1892 that we still talk about it today? Find out on this week’s show. Also discussed: Canadian wildfires and the PNW heat wave, Bitcoin splits, TriMet fares for low income riders, fire-starting cats, and bullet-proof armadillos. It’s more fun than you can swing an ax at!

Tiny bones, flexing membranes, percussive protection, and some fluid for good measure — our ability to hear and instantly translate sound into meaning is both amazingly advanced, yet mechanically fairly simple. Take a listen to this week’s discussion about how our ears work. Plus, the Unipiper talks all about his big meetup with Times Square’s World-Famous “The Naked Cowboy”! News discussed: The Perseid meteor shower to be the brightest in 96 years, Kenton’s Paul Bunyan statue renovation, the story of Francis Gabe and her self-cleaning house, Elon Musk news, and more train talk! Enjoy!

Emojis are everywhere from plush toys to lip balm to the movie theaters, but where did they come from? Does someone own them? Can I design my own? Find out the answers in this surprising look at the history of emojis. Also discussed: PDX wins best airport again, Oregon hotel scams for the eclipse, OMSI’s record-breaking baking soda volcano, Washington State new cell phone/driving law, and more news about things that are the size of Delaware. [winky-face-clown-hat]

This week we look at what exactly is happening when you see a mirage or other atmospheric phenomenon (phenom-mnah), and how light bends around and through the air like crashing waves to create optical illusions that appear right in front of us. Also, the Unipiper talks terrible movie trailers and Sea Pickles! This week’s news stories: Pacific Foods sells for $700m, Oregon raises cigarette buying age, Paul McCartney finally gets his music back, Tesla in Australian rich-man’s bet, driving the Wienermobile, and the new (probably feces-filled) beach on the banks of the Wilamette. Phenom-mnah.

Much like salt, sugar has played an integral role in the spreading of humans around the world. Domesticated by New Guinea, powdered by India, perfected by Muslims, spread by Crusades, and the reason half of the 11 million slaves were brought to the New World, the story of sugar hasn’t always been sweet. Also discussed: Tesla finally makes the Model 3, Musk digs first tunnel, NASA has to deny Mars child slavery colony, Portland’s Mounted Police no more, free eclipse glasses at libraries, McDonald’s home delivery, hideous sunburns, and the effects of elevation on Todd’s precious Diet Coke refills. Enjoy!

Watch a Live Video of this podcast recording:

Mark and Toddcast Episode

join us as we discuss Portland, Science and today's topic "Sugar"

Posted by The Mark and Toddcast on Monday, July 3, 2017

Todd is out of town, so Brian “The Unipiper” Kidd fills in to chat with Mark about the world of file sharing and torrenting. Also discussed: a steel mill that only needs 14 employees, an Uber-like bathroom roams NYC, too hot for airplanes to fly, how eggs get their shape, “Weird Al” on the Walk of Fame, sweat-powered electronics, and it’s now legal to break someone’s car window to save a dog. Enjoy this episode of “The Mark and Brian” show!

It’s not an understatement to say that trains built this country, and to this day are the backbone of our transportation industry. In this episode we take a closer look at a few of the engineering marvels that keep our trains moving. Also, the Unipiper talks about his upcoming appearance on ABC’s “The Gong Show”! Plus: Amazon buys Whole Foods, coconut oil controversy, AIs develop their own language, world’s largest duck in Tacoma, wooden skyscraper in the Pearl District, LEGO Multnomah Falls, and vintage video straight from a 1992 department store electronics aisle.

Have you ever wondered how they pack such intricate explosions into those compact projectiles when you’re watching fireworks? Find out the history and mechanics of fireworks on this week’s show! Plus, the Unipiper tells us what it was like to lead the Rose Festival Starlight Parade! Also discussed: a fantastic James Bond doc, Ivar’s Acres of Clams sells flagship location, Portland needs water treatment plant, a monkey mafia that holds stolen goods for ransom, Amazon grocery kiosks, and vampire bats on a rampage. Explosive!

William Shakespeare changed the world with his writing, but for centuries people have argued he never even existed at all. From Mark Twain to Walt Whitman to even members of the US Supreme Court (who held a “trial” about it as late as 1987), people have asked the question: “Who was William Shakespeare?” We’ll find out in this episode. Also, the Unipiper talks Sir Mix-a-lot, Oregon towns brace for the eclipse, Global Seed Vault floods, (S)Pam explosion in Mulkiteo, dairy water reclamations, and a terrifying Cyclops Goat that will haunt your dreams. Enjoy!

The Thing That Should Not Be:

IBM’s “Watson” is more than just an AI or supercomputer – it’s a staggering step into a future of machines that can both learn (it can learn up to a million books per minute) and communicate with humans in a straight-forward and natural way. What is it? How does it work? Are we all going to die? Find out in this week’s episode. The Unipiper also joins us to talk about his appearance in the Alaska Airlines magazine, and being voted the 3rd best mascot in all of Oregon. Also: vaccines don’t cause autism (still), a bank for developers, lab-grown meats, 400 dead birds in Galveston, the FDA can only watch FoxNews, fake service dogs becoming a problem, and “gorilla food songs.” Enjoy! #marksPresident #marksAmerica

In this episode we take a look at momentum and how it moves the world around us (and how it relates to inertia! Whee!). Pirouette with us through this interesting discussion, as well as the Unipiper’s guide to sloths and the city. Also discussed: “Sheeple” now in the dictionary, Amazon’s super practical and not at all scary “Look” device, Apple’s data farms in Oregon, NSA spies on us using blimps, surgeon aims for head transplant in 3 years, and how female dragonflies fake death to avoid aggressive mating males. Enjoy!

Hedy Lamarr was considered one of the most beautiful movie stars in the world in the ’30s and ’40s, but she also helped invent a frequency-hopping communications technology implemented by the US Navy in the ’60s, and is still used in the WiFi and Bluetooth technology we use today. Find out her intriguing story on this week’s episode. Also: a documentary just for Todd, robot suitcases, Google’s quantum computing, nanocar races, Oreo’s “cookies & cream” flavor, Steve Ballmer data mines the gov’t, Snapchat buys “Yo,” and the Unipiper discusses how someone gets a blue verification checkmark on Twitter and Facebook. Enjoy!

CRISPR is a method of editing human DNA that is as amazing and futuristic as it is troubling and ultimately terrifying. Is humanity ready for designer super humans and DNA hacking? It doesn’t matter — either way it will soon be an everyday reality. Plus, the Unipiper talks new projects! Also discussed: Playboy in braille, apes know wrong decisions, brains make 2 copies of each memory, ads using home AI, how to find out who died in your house, eating roadkill now legal, repealing the ban on dueling, and what came first – the cello or the piano? Enjoy, and don’t forget to like, subscribe, and rate the show.

“Wait, ‘Face Blindness’ is real?” was my reaction to hearing about this strange (and real) condition called “prosopagnosia” that causes those afflicted to be unable to recognize or remember the faces of even those closest to them — and even themselves. Plus, the Unipiper talks Vintage Radio Society and the Yamhill County Plow Competition! Also discussed: SpaceX successfully reuses rocket, the Apollo Fusion project, “slowpoke” traffic law, waiting 25 seconds for snacks, real-life Sharknado, and Todd gets a “Face Bra.” Enjoy!

Kielen King’s Awesome 8-Bit album “8-Bit Ships”

Face Blindness Test

This week we take a look at a man named John Harrison, who revolutionized naval navigation in the early 1700s through clocks — at first inventing a gyroscopic-like containment system for a giant pendulum, then refining an oversized “pocket watch” that Captain Cook himself used to navigate — all the while battling a 50 year war for the financing and recognition he deserved. Also discussed: Oregon’s new bottle deposit, Tualatin Cracker Barrel, real-life Robocops, graphine skin that can feel, Senate allows your browser history to be sold, parrots high on drugs, tequila clouds, an astonishing update on “The Storyteller” from our episode “Dinner in the Dark,” and a day camp for dogs. If you don’t love it, my name ain’t Admiral Sir Cloudsy Shovel!

Day Camp for Dogs!

This week the Unipiper joins us in-studio to talk about his recent trip to Holland for a TV show, and then stays for a conversation about an American town made uninhabitable by a 400-acre underground coal fire that has been continually burning since 1962 (and was the inspiration for the setting of the Silent Hill video game franchise). Plus: wacky Dutch snack foods, can you really not scream in space?, another Portland landmark closes, Goodyear’s last blimp, Alexander Graham Bell is a thieving fraud, Cheerios flower giveaway scandal, labor dispute settled by Oxford comma, and landscape billboards. All that and giraffe talk! Enjoy!

The best giraffe gif of all time

There’s a historic total solar eclipse coming up later this year, so we take this opportunity to talk about the various types and phases of solar and lunar eclipses. Spoilers: the sun will melt your eyes right out of your face, so don’t just look through a hole in a piece of paper. We also talk to the Unipiper about anarchist potholes and freestyle mustaches! Also: “Grimm” sale, storing data on single atoms, Waze vs. city traffic planners, gluten-free your way to diabetes, Voodoo Donuts goes LA, Ramses II statue discovered, Mona Lisa’s smile, female shark eats male shark for bumping into her, and a regurgitated story about Inky the Octopus’s brave escape from the aquarium #neverforget.

How Music Taste Evolved: Every Top 5 Pop Hit from 1958-2016

What exactly are the “preservatives” we find in our food? Are they poison? Magic? Natural? Safe? This week we take a look at the various methods in which we keep our foods fresh and disease free (which inexplicably involves both Napoleon and ionizing radiation). Plus: The Unipiper talks Nintendo Switch and Grimm, Google Deep Learning predicts cancer, DNA file storage, classic arcade games lose CRTs, New Mexico always on DST, typo causes Amazon outage, Musk sends men around moon, perils of space travel, a cat purr generator, and just how much pee *is* in your pool, anyway? Enjoy!

American Science and Surplus Store
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Cat Purr Generator
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Salt is as important to modern human existence as water, touching every arena of life from biology to medicine, from culinary to monetary, and even to the spread of civilization. Get a tiny taste of what makes this substance so amazing in this week’s episode. Also, the Unipiper talks Portland, new planets discovered, hieroglyphics to be published, Portland is 12th for “Worst Commute,” citronella is a dirty scam, “merely attractive” vs. “very attractive,” RIP Naked Chicken Chalupa, and the Dutch continue to spread good tidings of great joy through the selling of Stroopwafels at a local coffee shop. #AgeOfSpackle

Is hypnosis a real thing, or a carnival scam? Can your mind be controlled against your will? What is happening to the brain of someone who is hypnotized? Find out the answer to these and other mesmerizing questions on this week’s episode. Also: The Unipiper talks Wizard World, record Portland rain, YouTube auto-captioning, flavored water bottles, Google Spanner, cephalopods one step closer to global domination, and the UAE want to build on Mars. Enjoy this episode with your favorite oatmeal-flavored cereal!

Raise your beers to this episode about the surprisingly fascinating manufacturing and design background of the humble aluminum can. There’s a lot going on with this seemingly simple container, and we get to the bottom of it in this week’s show. Also: Male contraceptive gel, fewer # in Super Bowl ads, Tesla beats another record, TrumpTweetBot, Packy the elephant dies, declassified CIA maps, metal in the microwave, what causes traffic problems, and what *is* a booger? Oh, and Todd may or may not be on crack. Enjoy!

From Portland’s “Escape Room,” to Fukushima, to Denmark, to China, and finally to space, this roving episode covers a lot of ground. Join us as Mark, Todd, and the Unipiper recount their experience with one of Portland’s “Escape Rooms,” as well as catch up on all the science news we’ve been putting off over the past few weeks. Conducting electricity without heat, mass producing graphine, a Chinese factory replacing its workers with robots, and Denmark’s enormous wind turbines — it’s a jam-packed episode that feels like it goes by in a second, but also feels like it last for freaking ever. Enjoy!

The website Todd was talking about:
How Much Do They Know About You Based On Your Likes?

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You know those dinner parties where you’re blindfolded and made to sit in the dark while you’re served mystery foods to eat with your hands? We do! Hear about our sensory/social experiment, both from the POV of the blinded and sighted. Plus: The Doomsday Clock, what exactly *is* an Executive Order?, human-pig embryos, US’s largest off-shore windfarm approved, Large Hadron Collider to find parallel universes, cyborg grasshoppers, the Unipiper “pipes the haggis,” and a robot learns to update and print itself. It’s a feast for the senses!

Riona’s Cave of Treasures

Comic City USA Exhibit

The “Internet of Things” is a term both vague and exact, and it will be running all of our lives very soon. What exactly is it? How will it intertwine itself in our lives? Will Todd ever secretly order his shame-pizza using the internet of things? We discuss it all in this week’s episode. Also: The Unipiper talks Battlestar Galactica screenings & trendy ampersands, can pirating a movie be ethical?, the Inauguration Speech’s 27 new words, the transfer of the POTUS social media, Louis CK plays Ground Kontrol, “air selfies,” NASA adjusts the clock, tedious talk about the mechanics of comedy, and a roadway is littered with red Skittles on their way to be turned into cattle feed. Enjoy!

And because I know no one will believe me. Now it has to be in your brain, too.

Is it possible to write a movie whose dialogue consists solely of ham-fisted doctor puns? Is it necessary to film an entire movie in a tiny park in unincorporated SW Portland even though it mostly takes place indoors, and Oregon is never even mentioned or seen? Why does this movie even exist? Join us as we demand answers from the 1992 horror/slasher film “Dr. Giggles,” the first movie production of Portland’s own Dark Horse Comics. [Insert medical pun here]

Douglas Engelbart is not a household name, but you owe much of what you do in day-to-day life to him. He invented modern computing, and by 1968 he had the vision to predict what our lives would look like today. Hear his story on today’s episode. All that, and the Unipiper talks anime screenings and Harry Potter symphonies! Also: Ringling Bros. Circus calls it quits, new DB Cooper evidence, new Lady Liberty coins, FB wants to control our thoughts, goat yoga, and Mark tells a bonkers story about performing with the circus. Enjoy!

What are the driving forces behind conspiracy theories, and how do they work? We’ll take a look at the psychological and social building blocks needed for conspiracy theories to spread, and how pieces of them leak out into public discourse. Also discussed: Weird documentaries, Google Home fights itself, California’s drive-thru tree falls, feed your baby peanuts immediately, Faraday’s “Tesla-busting” car, Hanford radiation still spreading, Charles Manson is going to die, and the Unipiper talks Escape Rooms and reptile conventions. Enjoy, unless you’re one of the SHEEPLE who don’t like the show!

As 2016 comes to a close, we take a look at the biggest news stories from this past year, from the detection of gravitational waves, to SpaceX, to advancements in medicine, to a brand new prime number (2^74,207,281 minus 1, for those curious). Join us as we take a look back. Also: The Unipiper’s gift guide, Portland’s big storm, Heimlich dies, Elon joins Trump, ODOT considers salt, North Dakota pipeline spills, a whipped cream shortage, eternal data storage method, and putting history into context. Enjoy, and don’t forget to turn into the skid!

Todd’s Custom Notebook Site:
www.facebook.com/arealpieceofwerk

Penman Custom Made Hats

Unipiper Video

download this episode “The Year in Science Minus One”

This week’s show is packed, as we catch up with a bevvy of news stories and followups we’ve been collecting. Also, we talk to the Unipiper about his very popular last video (6.5 million views in 2 days!), and what happens when a video starts going viral. This week’s stories include: how puns affect the brain, Todd’s Facebook “like” problem, Fukashima radiation hits Oregon, the guy who stuck his head in an operating particle accelerator, 50% of people remember being at events that never happened, dinosaur tail with feathers discovered, the periodic table is complete, Canadian AI writes a Christmas song, John Glenn dies, and robots take over crap jobs. Enjoy!

Anatoli Bugorski: “I wonder what the inside of that particle accelerator looks like?”
Anatoli Bugorski

Canadian AI sings a christmas carol!

In 1986, the world saw first-hand what a wide-spread nuclear disaster could look like when the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant melted down. What happened? What were the effects both short term and long term? Find out on this fascinating episode. Also discussed: Tardigrade mating, Netflix off-line streaming, how do you solve a problem like pooping in space?, Jimmy Mack’s and Green Dragon close, the Unipiper talks the West Hills martini glass, and more!

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What do you get when you mix 3 respected Oscar winners and one of the most beautiful cities in America? In the case of “The Hunted,” sadly, you get crap. But boy was the crap fun to talk about! Join us as we discuss this 2003 made-in-Portland movie, starring two main characters who hate to talk, emote, or follow the rules of actual time. Come for the stick smelling, stay for the smelting! Enjoy!

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Confirmation Bias is the tendency to search for, favor, and recall information that confirms one’s already existing beliefs, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities. It’s also something we’re all guilty of, because we have it for some very primal survival reasons. Combined with how easily most human beings conform to simple displays of authority (to the point of actual murder), this tendency can be problematic. Find out how to combat your own stupid brain and biases in this week’s episode. Also: DB Cooper’s FBI files released, update on the 1919 Boston molasses disaster, 3D bioprinting facility, Plymouth settlement evidence, mammoth discovery rewrites timeline, the Catholic Church’s new “Sindr” app, and the Unipiper talks about the history of “Keep Portland Weird” (yes, we know it’s from Austin). Enjoy!

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If you ever wondered who Einstein idolized, his name was James Maxwell, a pioneering mathematician of the 19th century. Hear about his amazing story, and how we still use the formulas he created, in this episode. Also discussed: Free State Parks on Black Friday, why Portlanders don’t use umbrellas, students fix Facebook’s fake news problem, foam floods Santa Clara, man dissolves in Yellowstone, and the Unipiper joins us in-studio to talk Santa Con. Enjoy!

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The country is in a rough place right now, and there’s only one man that can help: Mr. Rogers. We’ll take a look at how this quiet man turned kindness into true power, and made us all believe we truly mattered. Intriguingly, he also saved PBS and went to the Supreme Court to defended the public’s right to tape things off TV to their VCRs. Let’s come together and be the people Mr. Rogers knew we could be. Also discussed: Super moon, Canada’s mystery noise, USB AIDS test, implant for ALS, UK ditches coal, Trump wants to send us to Jupiter, and the Unipiper talks Christmas and “yarn bombing.” Enjoy, and be kind.

Mr. Rogers talks with Jeff as a kid, and at the TV Hall of Fame induction.

Mr. Rogers speaks before Congress on the importance of public broadcasting.

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Every 4 years we complain about it, and then we immediately forget it: the Electoral College. This week we look at what it is, how it works, and why we still use this outdated and bizarrely convoluted process. Also in this episode: Tesla’s roof tiles, N. Dakota approves armed drones (!), driverless truck delivers beer, Cubs Win, ABBA reunites, and Mark & The Unipiper take a haunted trip to the Hot Lake Hotel. Enjoy!

Want to support the show? Buy one of Todd’s great pop culture notebooks, made from vintage materials like old comics and VHS boxes.

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Portland at the Movies is a hilarious new podcast that takes an in-depth look at some of the questionable movies made in and around Portland (think How Did This Get Made with movies filmed in Portland). Our first episode centers on the made-for-TV Disney Channel movie Halloweentown, filmed in St. Helens, Oregon. Join us for a funny look at a deeply confusing Halloween classic, where we discuss everything from a little town’s inherent cruelty towards children to the nonsensical monsters and characters that inhabit Halloweentown.

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In this week’s “Member Berry”-inspired episode, we discuss how the Atari Corporation went from the fastest-growing company in history to losing half a billion dollars and 80% of its workforce in just a few years. We also have The Unipiper – live from the Retro Gaming Convention! Also discussed: The Bermuda Triangle non-Mystery, Scrotum Frogs at Titicaca, the Great Barrier Reef is dead, training bees, new room at Winchester Mystery House, Tesla’s “Level 5” autopilot, the recent DDOS cyberattacks explained, and Mark votes on the air, much to Todd’s dismay. Enjoy!

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The fantastic Guardian article about the Great Barrier Reef dying.

The legend is true! Here’s and article about the Nintendo/Playstation hybrid system.

Did you know you could easily calculate the speed of light using your microwave and a hot dog? Find out how in this week’s episode, as we talk about the history of the microwave, how it works, and why it (probably) won’t melt off your face when you look through the door. Also in this episode: The Unipiper talks clowns, throwing turkeys from airplanes in Arkansas, those infernal credit card chips, the ice caps may or may not be melting, yawning animals, @OMSI’s #AskAnAstro, Portland Retro Gaming Convention, “Popcorn Lung,” and a trip down memory lane to when the “drug” Jenkem was all the rage. Happy huffing!

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In this week’s episode, we perform a little thought experiment of “If the Earth had rotated the other direction since the beginning of time, would anything be different?” The answer might surprise you (as it did Todd, because he doesn’t know very much). We also get the lowdown on the month-long, St. Helen’s “Halloweentown” celebration, where the Unipiper was a parade headliner. Also: “The Morality Machine,” Google’s Translates Neural Network, the Rheinlander closes, Portlandia’s feminist books store in a tizzy, the Rosetta/Philea mission ends, and how to pass multiple kidney stones on a rollercoaster near you. Enjoy!

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This week we chat about a variety of topics, including our taste experiment with the “Miracle Fruit,” a berry that binds to your taste buds and changes the taste of all the food you eat. Also covered: a listener question about the common cold, China’s satellite will kill us all, Tesla sues and AT&T sues, the Leviticus Scrolls, a lost tortoise shows up after 32 years, the “Pitch Drop” experiment, and the Great Molasses Flood of 1919! Enjoy!

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Is it possible for an entire population to collectively imagine — and agree on — a reality that doesn’t actually exist? Enter the case of “The Berenstein Bears,” whose names were actually “BerenSTAIN,” even though almost everyone on the planet is sure — POSITIVE — that it’s “BerenSTEIN.” Our special guest Ryan Zeinert talks about how his blog article about the subject exploded into the Internet Conspiracy Sensation of 2015, and how an entire populace can somehow collectively remember something completely and provably false. It’s a fascinating look at how things like urban legends, time travel theories, the Mandela Effect, and our stupid, faulty brains create an alternative reality, even in the internet age.

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While the main topic of this week’s show is the legendary unsolved plane hijacking and parachute escape of D.B. Cooper over the Pacific Northwest in 1971, we also talk quite a bit about our first-hand experience with the new Virtual Reality headset at Mark’s office. Spoilers: it’s pretty incredible, and the future is going to be *weird*. Also discussed: Facebook’s AI editorial curators fail, Google’s RankBrain, earth definitely hears from ETs! (no they don’t), plasma-controlled surfaces on airplanes, and the Unipiper (and his wife!) join us to talk about the Seattle’s PAX gaming convention, as well as their own experiences with VR gaming this weekend. It’s a great show! Enjoy!

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Aluminum used to be so valuable that the French government once displayed bars of it next to the Crown Jewels, and America capped the Washington Monument with 6 pounds of it to brag about its manufacturing prowess and success. Today, aluminum is everywhere from beer cans to airplanes. Find out how that happened on this week’s episode. Also: meeting Tommy Wiseau of “The Room,” popping popcorn with lightning, accidental bad news for bald guys, lobsters use feces to protect themselves, Alaskan government facility DEFINITELY DOES NOT USE MIND CONTROL, KFC perfume and leaked recipe, Domino’s delivery drone, #PastorMark on TV, and the Unipiper joins us for another installment of “Make Portland Weird Again.”

The Cineplex popcorn experiment:
http://www.cineplex.com/contests/Popcorn_Promotion

Portland’s Zymoglyphic Museum (of nightmares)
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New technologies can change history in surprising ways, and no technology has changed the literal map of the world like air conditioning. From the desert ice houses of ancient Egypt, to the “Ice King” and his Civil War nemesis, to the Hollywood blockbuster, and even to the White House, the effects of ice and cold have altered history in some astonishing ways. Also: The Unipiper’s new segment “Make Portland Weird Again,” modern-day Noah, Darcelle is the oldest drag queen, couple sues PokemonGo for destroying their life, security drones will kill us all, Google Fiber not coming to Portland, N. Korea is set to Manbang, just what sort of system of government did the Smurfs have, anyway? Enjoy!

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What *is* “True North,” why is it different than “magnetic north,” and what does that have to do with the streets of Portland? We navigate the Earth’s magnetic core in this great episode. Also discussed: R2-D2 dies, flying cockroaches, rivers on Titan, Tesla saves a life, cow dust fights asthma, using crickets to find the temperature, Swedish Fish Oreos, Olympics, and Todd can’t figure out how the Big Dipper works.

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In between the worst opening and closing to our podcast ever is the amazing story of Phineas Gage, who survived an 1848 blasting accident that blew a 3-foot long metal rod clean through his face and skull, and despite losing parts of his brain (which he vomited out), recovered fully. Listen while you eat, won’t you? It’s a fascinating piece of medical history. Also: “Stranger Things,” LHC didn’t discover a new particle after all, automating UPS, Iran bans Pokemon GO, 3D pancakes, DeepNet/DarkNet, getting a sunburn through the clouds, and Seaman the uneaten dog. Enjoy!

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This week we tackle a listener-submitted topic: the physics-defying “EM Drive” rocket. Find out the fantastic promise–yet much less fantastic reality–of “a reactionless propulsion system that supposedly generates thrust by converting electrical energy via microwaves.” Also discussed: “Stand By Me” and “Kindergarten Cop,” the Enchanted Forest, Corpse Flower, ClintonKaine domain, Jack Davis dies, Ice Bucket Challenge works, Google simulates Quantum Computing, Netflix’s “SlowTV,” the Magna Carta is in Portland, Todd is perplexed by water filtration straws, and celebrating 50 episodes! Thank you to everyone for listening – it’s been a fantastic ride!

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Diamond engagement rings are a time-tested tradition. Well, at least since 1940, when the DeBeers “Diamonds are Forever” marketing campaign convinced the world that a) diamonds aren’t worthless, and b) they are inextricably linked to marriage. In this episode we find out just how they did it. Also: giphy, emus are fascinating, bad poetry purge, Tesla Master Plan II, Nintendo stock, a mini-blowout about politics, the “Pooper” app, and the Death Bear. Enjoy!

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Find out how Margaret Hamilton (not the Wicked Witch) pioneered — and coined the word — Software Engineering as she (and her Little Old Ladies) coded, programmed, and literally threaded by hand NASA’s entire Apollo Guidance Program in the 60s. Also: the Unipier is our #1 celebrity, 300 pound security robot runs over toddler, NASA cuts feed of UFO, Elon Musk releases Tesla’s “Master Plan,” a Tindr date to Turkey, Mr. Rogers made Todd cry, and a bonus Dad Joke! Enjoy, and spread the word!

In this surprisingly fascinating discussion, we turn our ears toward tinnitus, a pervasive ringing in the ears that plagues many people, including Mark. Except, as he finds out, it’s not an ear problem, but a brain problem. Find out how tinnitus works – and how you can combat it through therapy. Also discussed: Grandma texts, “The Room”‘s amazing audiobook companion, “Pokemon GO!” takes over the planet, storing data in DNA, scientists plant false memories, free-range monkeys know what they don’t know, and much more. Thinking of you, and congrats!

Tinnitus Research Program:
Must be 18+ years old
$25 per visit; limit 5 visits
503-220-8262 x56075

With the Juno space probe successfully arriving in Jupiter’s orbit, we take a closer look at both the mission and the planet itself. Also discussed: Todd’s Hitler mustache and shame-food addiction, Mark’s Road Trip Round-Up, Bulgaria’s open software program, helium in Tanzania, China’s new radio telescope, testing solar roads, TrumpSingles.com, why some people are so sweaty, Android continues to be god-awful at naming things, what gives fireworks their different colors, and more! Enjoy – and leave us a review on iTunes!

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From a tiny farm in Idaho to every living room on the planet, we take a look at how an unassuming (and still relatively unknown) man named Philo T. Farnsworth brought us a little invention called the Television. Also in this episode: Mark’s road trip, the Portland jet boat tour, the crazy-ass Gotthard Tunnel opening in Switzerland, “Ruin My Search History,” octopuses have alien DNA, US scientists grow human organs in pigs, Fat Axl memes, and nobody ever appreciates a good “Body of Evidence” reference. Enjoy!

But seriously, this opening ceremonies is completely bonkers:

Dark matter, black holes, galaxies, gravity, the universe, and everything: Mark interviews Dr. Ethan Siegel, PhD in Theoretic Astrophysics, Professor, and astrophysics & space writer for Forbes Magazine in this fantastic journey through the outer reaches of space. Also: ABBA reunites!, 4 new elements are named, praying mantis named after Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and more! Enjoy!

More about the wonderful Ethan Siegel!

Who wore it better? Ginsburg or Mantis?
static2.politico.com

Capcea…capscies…capcase…..capsaicin… Well, however you pronounce it, this heat-induced episode explores two extremely different topics: where down feathers come from, and the Scoville Scale heat index of hot peppers. Other topics discussed: Road trips, Shia LeBouf: artiste, Mark’s wheel explodes, King Tut’s space knife, Facebook & Microsoft lay cable, Big-Ass Sandwiches closes, Target’s Crime Lab, Uni-swarms, random #trainfacts, and a truly down ending about being beheaded on a bus (blame Canada!). Enjoy!

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Find out why we added lead to gasoline, how CFCs eat through the ozone layer, and the M. Night Shyamalan-esque story of how those both are related. It’s a twist! Also: why the Muppets were great, the US runs its nuclear program on floppy disks, the internet gets a small “i,” Bridgetown Comedy, swarms of bees attack woman’s car, and Todd goes off on more tangents than usual during this pre-Memorial Day (NOT VETERANS DAY) episode. Enjoy!

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Is recycling a hippy scam? Does anyone even know what we’re allowed (or not allowed) to throw in the recycle bin? Find out how processing garbage and recycling works in this week’s action-packed episode. ALSO: SpaceTeam is a great game, cultural appropriation at the food carts, solar plant lights itself on fire, real life RoboCops, A.I. lawyers, in-ear instant languge translators, Google “Sticky Cars,” the terrifying future of facial recognition apps, Japan creates meteors, and Todd picks the wrong Portland street to walk down via a new historical photo website. Enjoy!

Find historical photos of your city!
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Beware of RoboCops.
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With the recent spate of Tiny Earthquakes* and subduction activity in the Pacific Northwest, we take a look at some of the different ways volcanic activity still shapes and shifts the earth beneath us. Also: Google pays $6,006.13, Parsey McParseface, the UAE wants to build a mountain, Germany’s extra electricity, Eric the First British Robot, the Selfie Toaster, moron tourists and baby bison, and more Tori Amos talk than any other science podcast you’ll hear all month. It’s a show the size of Delaware! Enjoy!

*Yes, I realize now that Tori Amos’s album is called “Little Earthquakes,” not “Tiny Earthquakes.” We’ll all have to get over that.

What a subduction zone may look like:
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Eric, England’s first robot:
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What are “artificial” flavors, and are they different from “natural” flavors? (Short answer: not really.) Taste the rainbow as we explore the science of flavor. Also in this episode: screaming goats, Mark holds coworkers hostage, Bitcoin founder claim, Todd trusts Mark enough for him to light a bomb (“whoosh bottle”) in the kitchen, Elon Musk’s AI “gym,” virtual reality will change the world, “Disks of Tron,” and much, much more. Enjoy!

(Longer version of the video here)

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The discussion about the power grid and the realities of large-scale EMP weapons is great, but Mark’s surprise story about his experience with a professional cuddler (yes, you read that right) is the best thing you’ll hear all week. Also in this episode: celebrate May 4th with the Unipiper, “The Reason I Jump” is phenomenal, a weasel takes down the Large Hadron Collider, Todd gets inexplicably furious about Raspberry Pi and Ice Cream Sandwich, Prince’s floppy glyph, drone death rays, guy builds hoverbike, and is there a nuclear reactor in your neighborhood? The answer may surprise you. Enjoy!

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Since made publicly accessible in 2000, GPS has transformed our lives in some surprising ways (and may lead to electrocuting old people who wander too far away). Find out how 33 satellites work together to make sure we’re always being followed. Also: a “TimeCop” mea culpa, “Pastor Mark” marries the Amish, National Parks are free, Waiting For Guffman, Inky the Octopus, inflatable space pods, trying to remove photos from the internet, terrible robot waiters, crowd-sourcing science problems via video games, and how does arm hair know when to stop growing? (No seriously…if you know that last one, let me know.) Enjoy!

Map & Gallery of National Parks

Hilarious GPS drawings made by biking through a city.

Please erase the following two images from the internet:
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If time isn’t constant, then what is it? And is traveling through time possible? In this episode we look at the bizarre nature of time, and the ways we currently experience time travel and manipulate time. Also: “11.22.63,” the Twilight Zone still freaks us out (“Why Helen?!”), “Primer” movie, Tesla hubris, discovering a new state of matter, Indestructible Racist AI, our ethics can’t keep up with technology, the Terminator vs. Timecop, Dolph Lundgren is Nietzsche’s superman, Grace Jones continues to be terrifying, and we almost get to talk about Max Headroom*.

*due to some unforeseen technical error, the show cut off at the 45 minute mark, but we were pretty much done. Although you’ll have to research the Timecop trailer on your own time.

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How do optical storage formats like CDs and DVDs work? We shed some laser light on the matter in this week’s episode. Also: Todd is in a fog, nerds rend their clothing about “Batman vs. Superman,” the culture of pre-hating movies, 3D pictures of Pluto’s surface, Mark pre-orders his Tesla 3, ravens know what you’re thinking, the Enchanted Forest turns 60, Mark’s fond ABBA memories, chanting monks, Milli Vanilli, and more. Enjoy!

Batman’s New Chair, courtesy of RFM Seating:
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Get out your red-and-blue 3D glasses! It’s Pluto!

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The line to pre-order the Telsa 3:

What meets at the intersection of resonance, oscillation, and the piezoelectric effect? This episode explores how things from electric lighters to the atomic clock keeps ticking. Also: Todd’s over-inflation drama, Mark’s rat infestation, shame-eating and string theory, Birdie Sanders and the dispensary worker, Portland’s small-town vibe, California has the best drivers, the “affordable” Tesla goes on sale, Microsoft’s AI goes hideously and hilariously awry, how you can get “none more black” than Vantablack, and yet another reason to wear wooden shoes. Enjoy, and spread the word!

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Gaze into the Vantablack void:
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Glass is the backbone of the entire modern world, responsible for world-changing revolutions in everything from modern chemistry to yachts to farming to the internet and to the very definition of ourselves. It’s a fascinating journey. Also: irritating chipped credit cards, Mark is terrible at the NCAA bracket, Anonymous vs. Trump, Boaty McBoatface, John Denver plants trees, Todd explains wooden shoes, BarkHappy.com, “Chopped” vs. “Cooked,” and The Fascinator. There are myriad reasons to listen! Enjoy!

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The Wooden Shoe Tulip Festival in Woodburn, Oregon
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Introducing the tardigrade – or “water bear.” A seemingly indestructible little creature, it can’t be frozen or burned or starved or reasoned with, and it’s probably in your backyard (and in space) right now. Also on the show: If fat is essentially tasteless, why does it make everything taste so good?, attending live TV show tapings, Henrick Ibsen/Henry Gibson, Paula Deen’s Sheen and the Lipidy Binders, hair mayonnaise, “the bends” will give you the creeps, chokes, staggers, and the vapors, and what really happens to a body in space with no space suit. Enjoy the show, and watch out for water bears!

Sure, the little guy looked like this in the microscope:
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But in actuality, it’s going to suck out your very soul:
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And if that weren’t enough, these are the little critters that are living all over your skin.
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Humans rely on herd mentality all the time, but what makes a mob? Why do individuals act so differently in a crowd? And how do we avoid becoming part of madness? Let’s discuss. Also: Todd has HPV, how hot is the inside of lightening?, gallium & fulgurite, the “Forest Grove Mystery Sound” and environmental resonance, owl cafes, how to lucid dream, Cracker Barrel may be coming to Tualatin, and crows hold grudges, solve puzzles, understand analogies and are going to kill us all. Have fun!

Great video about how ideas (particularly angry ones) go viral:

What’s up with gravity? What are the gravity waves we measured pulsing through the fabric of space? Find out how much science still doesn’t understand about this fundamental force. Also: peeling the microwave, Ground Kontrol expands, BernieSingles.com, NASA needs astronauts, Apollo 10 hears mystery music, “deleting unwanted memories,” genome editing and WMDs, and more. Share and like our Facebook page, and thanks for listening!

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What’s it like to realize at age 10 you’re colorblind? Or to find out at 30 that peanut butter isn’t green? We talk to actual colorblind human Cory Thomas about the daily logistics and intriguingly philosophical underpinnings of red/green colorblindness. Also: Mark’s Trump face-swap, sloth rescue, monkeys will kill us all, pistachio peanut butter, The Red Green Show, Ergs, what plants is this?, Einstein gravitational waves, OK GO, cannibal octopus, and more!

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Colorblindness simulation:
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What plant is this?
http://m.plantnet-project.org/

OK GO’s weightless video

How will we rebuild humanity after complete global devastation? The Global Seed Vault located in Norway, of course, which holds 860,000 seeds “just in case.” Also: proof Todd drives “Well above average,” gas waterfall, Mark’s USB microscope, biggest buildings in the world, how magnetic audio tape works, Margaret Hamilton (not the Wicked Witch), NASA releases 10,000 moon photos, Mark’s get rich quick scheme, Portland’s food carts, Phở is a scam, and more!

The entrance to the Vault is not at all terrifying:
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Want a piece of Mars? Act now!

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The fluid dynamics discussion flows this week as we’re pressured into Bernoulli’s principles and squeezed into the Venturi Effect. Also on the show: Why don’t we have just one giant nostril?, caucaii, Sanders 404, why do we iodize salt?, deformed pugs, expensive cat painting, Todd visits Buck at Buck’s Stove Palace, Sony tries to trademark “Let’s Play,” marrying the Amish, more research on schizophrenia, DNA discrimination lawsuits, and boo-gan-villas. Bonus point for getting the “You named a star after me?!” reference. Enjoy! Don’t forget to like our Facebook page and subscribe on iTunes to catch every episode!

Help define the galaxy! Galaxyzoo.org

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How does our brain make snap decisions, and how do external elements and personal bias infect that process? Answer: something called “priming.” Also: why Hulu is full of filthy lies, what is a slide rule(r)?, the plural of “new*,” pine apples, how viral videos are bought, 80s theme song challenge, Todd is scientifically not racist, Hair-Grooming Syncope, the Hyperloop breaks ground, and a fantastic typing game.

Statistically you are probably more racist than Todd. Find out with the Harvard Implicit Bias Test.

Play the rad typing game!

*the other word like “news” I was trying to think of was “movies.” I feel better now having remembered.

The answer to life, the universe, and everything: the Higgs boson particle. Find out how the Large Hadron Collider, the biggest machine man has ever built, came together to find the particle that allows us to exist. Also in this fantastic episode, how can parrots enunciate without lips?, Bitcoin in trouble, Trumplings.com, the world’s best snack, Mark knows an Amish reality TV star, self-driving car rampage, multiple universes, and dark matter. All in just a few Zeppo-seconds. *potato chips!* Enjoy!

What a Large Hadron Collider might look like:
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The show is back! We dive back in to talk about the psychology of self-delusion via the Dunning-Kruger effect. Also, flirting with the meth-faced gas attendant, losing the recording of last week’s show, the New York Public Library’s 187,000 new archived photos, the golden record on the Voyager spacecraft, “Imposter Syndrome,” learning how to swim and run better, tongue twisters, David Bowie, and the lemon juice-faced buffoon of a robber that lead to the study of human ignorance. Enjoy, and let us know your thoughts!

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SuperMegaHighRes “Tour-able” Image:
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The New York Public Library Digital Image Archive

Cozy up to this potpourri of an episode for a literal Christmas fireside chat, where we briefly talk about rocket launching, orbiting, and accelerations per second/per second. Plus, Todd’s car gets hit, we both see Star Wars, Todd misses a holiday party but gains a Storm Trooper, the Portland “Martini House,” SpaceX’s successful launch, violating and shattering science, the Pierson Air Museum, going the dentist, and the VA hospital. Merry Christmas, and OH THE HUMANITY!

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Is Bitcoin the future of currency? Or is it a scam developed by robot overlords to take over the economy? Find out! Also: The Jews VS the Japanese in the inaugural “SnackAttack!™” segment, the Oregon coast, the background of the Northwest’s famous “Jake the Alligator” man, TVs “Manhattan” and “Mr. Robot,” half-lives and dustpans, “They” becomes a singular pronoun, experiences in inclusive naming terms, and a fantastic weather-tracking website. Subscribe on iTunes so you don’t miss an episode!

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The weather-tracking website:

How did humans figure out how to record and play back sound? How does a record groove contain an infinity of sound, and how does the speaker play it? Find out in this episode! Also: a long discussion about the hideously awful “Star Wars Holiday Special”, Mark’s backyard “Game of Thrones” viewings, why can’t we send nuclear waste into space?, Tickle deodorant, broke and forgotten inventors, tin can phones and loneliness, and how to become a “Specialist in the Sonic Acoustics of Ancient Spaces.” Thanks for listening!

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The worst thing you will ever see (it gets unthinkably awful around the 2 minute mark), courtesy of the 1970s.

How does internet encryption work? How do you get the key from one party to the next without a security breach? Find out in this episode! Also, Apple TV needs a queue, “Webster” vs. “Alf,” Mark’s pirate “Planksgiving,” ToddLock™ and MarkLock™, the NSA ends phone data collections, indoor skydiving, 9/11 conspiracies, we can never be safe from air-hopping malware, and an egregious amount of Jm J. Bullock information. Enjoy! Download, stream, or subscribe via iTunes.

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Guest Brian Kidd (aka the “Unipiper”) teaches us about his sciency day job — the amazing technology of “Lidar” (think radar/sonar but measured with light). Also, the Apple Watch, Todd get visited by a confused older couple looking to party, Mark’s fiber, the Bagdad Theater Star Wars bar crawl, Mark’s weird Princess Leia costume, “The Soup” gets cancelled, Sony cancels Beta tapes, and cool transparent water balls. Stream, download, or subscribe on iTunes, and thanks for listening!

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What’s updog in this episode? Mark talks about what it takes to live in and operate an armed nuclear submarine in the Navy (as well as his favorite Dad Jokes to tell on sub tours). Also, Todd’s brain is rejecting new knowledge, how to manipulate a child’s memories, ear guards & earwigs, CLOWN HORN!, Portland Twitter Alerts, being recruited for a Super Top Secret Military team, zombie proms, kobayashi maru, carom boards, punch-up writing, Toastmasters Club, and Todd wants to live in Silicone Valley. Enjoy!

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In this content-heavy episode, Todd experiences 4 minutes of schizophrenia via “Auditory Hallucinations” while attempting a few simple tasks.. Plus, Mark plays “When Did This Happen?” but has never heard of “Chocolate Rain,” Todd’s wasn’t invited to Mark’s Halloween party, panicking like a wounded seal, self-driving car in more accidents, Global Shark Tracker, sonic tractor beams, Small Wonder, tending to the Chinese Garden, Todd’s corpse-filled fish tank, and being an “Ameri-can.”

Try it yourself – listen to the “auditory hallucination” and try to perform a simple task.

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We’re back! In this episode Todd explains the joy of dressing up and scaring people at “Fright Town,” Mark recounts (to a skeptical Todd) his experience with a ouija board both this past weekend and as a child who apparently grew up on the set of “Poltergeist.” Also, we give an overview of oil in America — how we get it, what we make from it, what countries we get it from, and why we both import *and* export it. Extra Bonus Features: ALIEN MEGASTRUCTURES, the “Portland Penny,” and Esperanto!

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In space, no one can hear you 3D print. This episode takes us to Mars, where we’ve just found water (but can’t touch because of actual, literal “Space Laws”) and where scientists wants to print 3D houses made of ice. Also, what makes a “Dad Joke,” growing ears on mice, the possible effects of 3D printing in everyday life, cast-arm stink, Cannybots, a letter from a listener about the Hanford Nuclear site, and “How We Got To Now.” Enjoy! Stream, download, or subscribe!

“What??”
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Cannybot Kickstarter:

In which we explore an explosive example of surface tension in glass, as well as explore what it’s like to be hydrophobic. Also: Todd gets a mail-in ticket, the burrito pencil holder, Portland’s Joan of Arc statue, horse statue lies, system of measurements based on mosquitos, Prince Rupert’s Drop/Dutch Tears, exploring Nev-R-Wet and hydrophobia, “Too hipster for a mustache,” seizure skydiving, bridge-building drones, and some Musk-ing up. Enjoy!!

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Joan of Arc statue:
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Bridge-building quadracopters:

In this very special episode, we interview Brian Kidd, aka the world-famous Unipiper! We talk about everything from the history and mechanics of bagpipes, how his amazing fire-spewing set of pipes work, being on Jimmy Kimmel and “America’s Got Talent,” the weird world of copyright infringement, his bitchin’ custom kilt, being on the set of “Portlandia” yesterday with Steve Buschemi and Fred Armisen, and much, much more. Check him out all over YouTube and Unipiper.com!

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This episode we talk all about how the internets work, right down to the packets and protocols. Also, Mark visits a crazy “Whatever Happened to Baby Jane” hotel at an Eastern Oregon hot springs, how bronze sculptures are made, Todd goes to the Weird Al concert, Elon Musk news, and Mark unveils his amazing new high-fashion back scratcher. Stream, Download, or Subscribe, and Like us at facebook.com/markandtoddcast. Thanks for listening, and special thanks to Charlie for sending in the question!

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All of Washington is ablaze, so what better time to discuss how fire works? (After a fantastic discussion about lock picking, of course.) We discuss the 4 states of matter (DON’T FORGET PLASMA!), the “Fire Triangle,” the mechanics of stopping wildfires, what’s in the red fire retardant that planes drop, and putting out oil field fires using jet engines mounted on tanks. Plus – Tesla/Musk news, New York Seltzer, how rockets work, and why water isn’t flammable even though its component parts are. Stream, download, subscribe, and share!

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How quickly can Amazon Prime Now deliver milk, Oreos, root beer, and a classic Spirograph game? Dang fast. Also – It’s OK to not be offended about everything, the return of the “I Barely Knew Her” sounder, filthy celiacs and gluten triggers, “Air-tarians” and eating the sun, Tesla/Musk news, Todd thinks the McDonald’s guy is a robot, magnetic wormholes, Portland’s ugliest bridge, and Hassan delivers our Amazon Prime Now order in under a half hour. Stream, download, or subscribe!

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We got new mics and sound equipment – the audio is fantastic! In this episode: Todd is rendered unable to process thought after Mark lays out his non-ironic argument for a Donald Trump presidency. Also, Todd attempts to socialize, the Portland Film Festival and Zombie Walk, Soylent, Amazon.com brings back the heyday of Kozmo.com, the state of Late Night TV, does Bernie Sanders have an actual shot, and the baffling case of Donald Trump. Stream, download, or subscribe!

In which we discuss Todd’s cat in a tree, the USS Blueback submarine and the houseboat from “Body of Evidence”, “patent pending,” Don Cornelius & “Soul Train,” Mark’s Guinness Book of World Records, and the phrase “Stanly Milgram’s Drag Queens.” Apply directly to the forehead! Apply directly to the forehead! Apply directly to the forehead!

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Are batteries interesting? (Hint: sort of, but not really.) But our discussion still is, wherein we discuss ancient Egyptian Home Shopping Networks, sextants and nanoballs, Zambonis, why there aren’t size B batteries, penny farthing bicycles, and looking forward to a time our homes are powered by a human heart kept in the refrigerator. Science!

(Note: The sound in the background you hear isn’t because we recorded the show onto a wax cylinder. It was just that windy outside. It goes away after awhile.)

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In today’s discussion, we learn all about the ins and outs of electricity, the differences between voltage and current and watts and ohms, capacitors and insulators and mhos — oh my! — and how to kill a man using a 9-volt battery. There’s electrons flying everywhere in this exiting installment of the Mark and Toddcast.

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What is nuclear power?  Mark, who was a Nuclear Reactor Operator on a nuclear submarine in the Navy, takes us through the ins and outs of nuclear power. Where does it come from? Will it destroy us all? And most importantly, just what is nuclear power?

 

Visual Aids:

#1 -“Scram!” Atari video game screen cap:

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#2 – Actual display on actual nuclear submarine:

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*Music: “Membership” by Kielen King, from his fantastic 8-bit-inspired album “8-bit Ships.”

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Argon take me away! Is “religiosity” a word?  Are we breathing the mouths of every person who has ever lived? Will 3D printing destroy us all?! A quintillion questions are answered when we look at the realm of theoretical quantum physics.

Download mp3 here (Right-click, “Save As”)

 

*Music: “Membership” by Kielen King, from his fantastic 8-bit-inspired album “8-bit Ships.”

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From self-driving cars to sentient robots to an army of zeppelins, we discuss what the future looked like way back when, what it looks like now, and just where our Segway-driven future will really take us.

Download mp3 file (Right-click, “Save As”)
*Music: “Membership” by Kielen King, from his fantastic 8-bit-inspired album “8-bit Ships.”