This week we take a look at the confounding, confusing, nonsensical origins and reasonings behind Daylight Saving Time, which wreaks havoc all of the world twice a year. Is there a reason we have it? Not really. Does that stop us from implementing it? Not really.

This week we take a look at another awesome pioneering Portland woman named Edna Kristofferson, who made waves in everything from aviation, to sharpshooting, to x-rays. We’ve also got a pile of rather depressing news, so happy Thanksgiving?

In an attempt to try and find the mystical “philosopher’s stone,” which would turn other metals into gold, one scientist from the 1600s decided that the key ingredient he must explore was…urine. But while he didn’t find the key to alchemy, he did find one of the elements on the Periodic Table. Find out how on this week’s show. In the news: Can you lose weight by thinking hard?, Tesla is America’s most valuable automaker, Twitter bans political ads, America’s food map, dead body space junk, and more.

We’ve all seen the old graffiti of the little man peeking over the wall with the caption “Kilroy was here.” It’s a world-traveling meme before memes were even a thing. So where did it come from? How did it start? Find out on this week’s show. In the news: face scans at airports, Cameron’s Books closes, Wapato Jail to be demolished, finding a location by eye reflection, local hero fights yellow lights, Oregon has the best Blue Cheese, and much more. Enjoy!

The US has a rather sordid history when it comes to witch hunts. From actual witch hunts to figurative ones, this week we take a look at the granddaddy of political witch hunts: the House Un-American Committee’s communist trials of the 1950s, and the offshoot of Joseph McCarthey. In the news: “The Far Side” is back!, updates on the “sonic attack” in Cuba, Home Depot and Lowe’s are stealing your face, man sues sperm clinic after fathering 17 children, Portland’s David Walker gets picked up by Hollywood, and more. Enjoy!

For this special episode, we’re running our last episode of Portland at the Movies, where we talk with Dan Fiebiger, Portland film historian and composer for the film “Courier of Death.” He tells us about his dealings with Tom Shaw, the notorious director of “Courier” that was an important hub in Portland film history, who loaned film-making equipment to the likes of Penny Allen and Gus Van Sant. It was a great discussion with a natural storyteller, and a wonderful look into the 80s Portland indie movie scene.

Portland radio legend Daria Eliuk (formerly Daria O’Neill) visits us to talk about her radio career, the changes radio has gone through during the 2000s, muckbang videos, Insectaurs, and much, much more on this special episode of the show. There would have been news, but Todd forgot to press record. Oops.

Homing pigeons have been around for over 3,000 years, and were even used to deliver the results from the literal first Olympics. So how do they work? How do you train them? All that and a wrap-up of Todd’s trip to a Forest Airplane Rave with the Unipiper!

We hear it every hurricane season: “But if we could drop a nuclear bomb into a hurricane, it would dissipate the storm and we’d be saved!” This idea, along with terraforming Siberia, melting the arctic, and flooding the Sahara, are just some of the real-life ideas people have proposed using nuclear bombs in the past. In the news: 5G health concerns, Ring’s doorbell surveillance, Apple apologizes, a “scooternado, and more. Enjoy!

Join us as we discuss a wide swath of topics on today’s show, including the pressures of the bottom of the ocean, what’s going on in Hong Kong, and a very special look inside an upcoming Unipiper project (with the Unipiper himself) with some of Portland’s biggest luminaries. In the news: Proud Boys/Antifa wrap-up, more Democratic candidate talk, the Grand Ronde tribe gets Willamette Falls back, and more. Enjoy!

This week we learn all about cruise ships and the Alaskan Inside Passage as Todd took a family trip to see Juneau, Ketchikan, Skagway, and Glacier Bay. Hear all about the cruise ship, the glaciers, the towns, and plenty of boat facts. Plus, the answer to the question we’ve all been asking: what would happen if you fell into a pool filled with orbi’s? Enjoy!

Like most modern materials, rubber is ubiquitous, but also hides a darker history than most of us know. And, like many of the materials that have built our world, its history involves a crucial mix of both science and global exploitation. Find out how the rubber met the road in this week’s episode. In the news: Naomi comics, the last of the VW Beetles, you’re always being recorded, Facebook fined $5 billion (yawn), the first photo of quantum entanglement, and the Corpse Flower blooms in America’s Vancouver. Smell ya later!

Mark is back from his business trip to China, and he talks about his adventures to the Great Wall, not knowing that language, and traveling alone. He interviews a American ex-pat who is a social media influencer, and makes a video that ended up getting over one million views. And, most importantly, he brings back snack foods and souvenirs! Enjoy!

There are approximately 748 Democrats running for their party’s Presidential nomination — how many do you know? In this episode, Mark reads a random name and Todd has to figure out if its the name of a candidate, or someone currently on Oregon’s death row for murder. All that, and a special drop-in from the Unipiper, who gives us the Pepsi/New Coke challenge. In the news: Madonna’s new album!, the FBIs vast collection of facial photos, more psychedelic mushrooms go legal, Alex Jones has to pay Pepe the Frog $15,000, the last Farrell’s Ice Cream Parlor closes, and more. Enjoy!

On this special episode, we visit W.L. Henry Elementary School in Hillsboro, Oregon to take a tour with principal Lisa Aguilar Fasel. W.L. Henry is a completely dual-lingual school, which means half the day is taught in English, and half in Spanish. It has a 90% Hispanic student population, and is implementing an amazing environment for learning and for emotional growth. The first half of the episode is a sit-down interview, and the second is a walking tour of the school. It’s a fascinating and reassuring look at public education from a person whose goal it is to foster the inherent value of each and every student.

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It was Memorial Day, which means the Wilhelm Portland Memorial Funeral Home had its annual open house tour – and this year we both went. With over 7 miles of corridors and over 90,000, the Wilhelm is as astonishing place, and this week we talk all about it. Also covered: Cinetopia acquired by AMC, Burgerville closes a location while In-N-Out starts a new one, human composting, malaria vaccine, San Fran says “no” to facial recognition, and Mr. Pee and Poo flush down from Vancouver to teach us about what we can put in the toilet.

Mark is out for a second week with a continuing mystery respiratory/vocal ailment and can’t speak, so no new show this week. Instead, enjoy this short compilation of sports announcers shredding their vocal cords, cracking voices, and goats screaming.

On this week’s episode we take a look into the beginings — and ending — of the fabled Library of Alexandria. Why was it special? And just what happened to it? Find out on this week’s show. Also: Pepsi sues Indian farmers over potatoes, Daimler to build electric semis in Portland, chalking tires unconstitutional, Oregon Zoo train track won’t be rebuilt, a baby T-Rex on eBay, and the Stroopwaffel McFlurry may be coming to a town near you. Think you’re not going to listen? But YA ARE, BLANCHE, YA ARE!

The first photograph of a black hole was gigantic news in both the scientific community and the world at large. This week we take a look at how the picture was captured, what it means, and how we got here. In the news: Amazon is listening, Julian Assange is separated from his cat, the Willamette Falls project is a go, Republicans crush Net Neutrality again, Molalla woman’s reversed organs, and the heartwarming story of one woman and the four bees that live in her eyes. All this, plus bell’s palsy! Enjoy!

This week we celebrate the work of James West, an African-American inventor, who has over 200 patents, including the condenser technology found in over 85% of microphones that are still being sold. This week in the news: Google ends AI ethics council a week after it was formed, McDonald’s AI changes menu based on your car license plate, Oregon votes for permanent Daylight Saving(s) Time, 51 facts you thought were correct are wrong, and the Loony Toons-esque ways the CIA tried to get rid of Fidel Castro in the 60s. Enjoy!

For the 40th anniversary of the Three Mile Island nuclear meltdown, we take a look at the details and timeline of what happened, and the aftermath of the incident. Also, Todd makes one giant leap towards his inevitability. News: Lawmakers address “Internet of Things,” 4,000 mile American bike trail, electromagnetic weapons, Herpes…..In…..Spaaaaaceee, a library on the moon, man-of-the-week puts naked mannequins in yard to protest fence removal, and LOTS MORE! Grab a plate of tasteless carbs and join us!

We’re back with a super-sized episode as we catch up with two weeks’ worth of news, more Chinese presents for Todd’s birthday, and Mark’s recent trip. And that’s before we get to the current state of 3D printing! In the news: Polar Vortex kills stinkbugs (hopefully), the Navy’s room-temperature superconductor, YouTube demonetizes anti-vaxx channels, humpback whale in the Amazon jungle, a llama on the MAX, the science of “Dad Jokes,” and the world’s quietest room will drive you crazy in just 45 minutes. Enjoy!

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About 90% of all media in America is owned by just 5 companies. Who are they, and how did we get here? And join us for the best show-and-tell we’ve had in a long time! News stories: Portland’s “Big Pipe” a success, Amazon pays $0 taxes (again), the Opportunity Rover dies, Eastern Washington storm kills 1,500 cows, Bridgeport Brewing closes, and “Acquired Savant Syndrome. Give us a spin!

Waiting is the hardest part, but sometimes it can be the best part. Brian “The Unipiper” joins Todd to talk bout the pop culture milestones of anticipation they remember throughout their lives. In the news: Dwarf tossing ban, $190M in crytocurrency lost, Verizon throttles the fire department, DNA testing companies and the FBI, and Bruce Wayne is born at the Portland zoo!

We’re back with a boatload of news stories, and Round #3 of “WikiWar,” where Mark and Todd go head-to-head to see who pulled the most interesting short articles from Wikipedia – with special guest judge Nick! Also: No Sweetheart Hearts, Anti-Vaccination and measles breakout, earth’s magnetic field going crazy, dwarf tossing ban in Washington State, and a good boy runs a half marathon. Enjoy!

We’re finally back! And we recorded an extra long, extra fantastic, extra perfect episode………..that Todd lost the second half of because he pressed the wrong button on the recorder, so now there’s only 45 minutes of the show still in tact. But that 45 minutes is a great catch-up of stories from the past month that we’ve been away. It’s great to be back behind the mics again – and we’re looking forward to another great year! Thanks for listening!

Ask any parent, grandparent, teacher, babysitter, person with eyes: when a child eats too much sugar, they go bananas with hyperactivity. It’s obvious — literally the one thing everybody agrees with. Except it’s just not true. There is no scientific evidence – and never has been – that kids who eat too much sugar behave any differently afterwards than if they had no sugar. So what’s going on? How could this universal “truth” be, well, untrue? Hear the evidence on this week’s episode. Also: Steel making videos, a billion seconds, surface temperature thermometers, China rewards and punishes citizens based on “merit,” wombat faeces, peanut allergy treatment, NY pays Amazon $48,000 per job, and the Art Institute of Chicago releases high-res art for free. Enjoy this week’s episode with a nice warm cup of sugar!

In the West, we tend to think of albinism with a low-grade curiosity at most, but in East Africa, being an albino means a lower lifespan due to skin cancer at best, and being hunted and slaughtered for your body parts at worst. This week we welcome Dan Holcomb of Lahash International to talk about the culture of albinism in countries like Tanzania. This week’s news: Portland Podcast Festival round up!, the history of “Baby Shark,” exciting new cheese news, Red Dead Redemption, Lou Dobbs’s diction, Apple’s laptop mic, Wapato Jail to be demolished, China goes to the moon, redefining the kilogram, and more! Enjoy!

This week we experiment with a very interesting type of metal called Nitinol, which has the ability to “remember” its shape and instantly return to it after being bent. Does our experiment work? Find out! Plus, a huge pile of news, including: YouTube rabbit holes, psychic gets busted, older people worse at telling news fact from opinion, parking fines at the Goonies house, Nebraska’s new tourism slogan, Net Neutrality controversy update, and the “Be My Eyes” app.

You’ve seen them seemingly everywhere: the gross, dime-sized, shield-shaped “Hummer of the insect world,” otherwise knows as the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. And it’s not your imagination – they’ve invaded the US in staggering numbers, are causing hundreds of millions of dollars in agricultural damages, and are disgusting, smelly house guests. Learn their surprising history, and why they’re different than most pest insects. Plus, the Unipiper is back! Also in the news: Mark gets married and visits a train museum, Banksy shreds, Will Vinton passes away, Oregon cell phone/driving law, space net captures space garbage, teenagers survives 49 days at sea, e-scooter injuries, LHC discovery could “break all of science,” the Presidential text, and Pharaoh comes to Portland. Enjoy!

This week we take a look at a forgotten Portland icon named Marie Equi, a fiercely independent Oregon physician who was engaged in the political turmoil and social change of the late 19th and early 20th century. It’s a fascinating story. Also: FCC lies, probiotics are useless, SpaceX’s space customer (and Elon’s sanity), airport security bins, California launching weather rockets, WalMart is listening, solar observatory mysteriously evacuated, Christopher Nolan takes a stand against crappy TV settings, and local hero solves the problem of teenagers on his lawn. Enjoy!

This week we give into good ole’ self-indulgence, as Mark recounts his recent trip to Beijing and Shanghai, China, and Todd recounts his soft spot for Madonna, who turned 60 recently. We also catch up on some news and other things we’ve missed being gone for the past few weeks. News: Lloyd Center officially gets a LiveNation venue, Google still tracking you, the tale of the orca mom and her dead calf, a lonely dolphin just wants to fit in, and which prescribed medication will give you a flesh-eating genital infection? You may be taking it right now. I mean, probably not, but maybe. Enjoy!

This week we’re joined by special guest Wayne Schwind, chemical engineer and owner of Periodic Edibles, and host of the Periodic Effects Podcast, who talks all about the science, medical, and social aspects of cannabis and the emerging industry of cannabis products and legalization. Also: Portland’s latest protest, more NECCO candy drama, Google’s censored Chinese search engine, the amazing book “Stuff Matters,” and Todd’s vacation travel thoughts. Enjoy!

Emmy Noether (1882-1935) was a mathematician in algebra and theoretical physics that Einstein himself called an inspiration and genius. The Noether Theorem helped make sense of things that science just couldn’t make sense of, and led to huge advancements in math and science. Find out all about her this week! Also, the Unipiper calls in to talk Best Celebrity, Best Podcast, and other great Portland news! News: Are “laser AK-47s” real?, US weapons show up on dark web, the Great Plastic Straw Debate continues, Kah-Nee-Tah resort to close, oldest human tools found, a vaping pilot causes airplane to plunge 25,000 ft., and a woman has a tapeworm in her spine. Enjoy!

This week we take a look at an African-American woman named Henrietta Lacks who died of cancer in 1951 at the age of 31. Unbeknownst to her or her family, her cancer cells were taken and discovered to be “immortal”- which led to breakthroughs in the study of polio, herpes, leukemia, influenza, hemophilia, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, AIDS, cloning, and in vitro fertilization, and more. It’s a fascinating look at where ethics meet science. Also: Boyd Coffee Company is sold, Multnomah Falls bridge back open, Disney’s “stunt robots,” crows reverse-engineer tools from memory, RIP Route 66?, and the FDA approves the first drug derived from marijuana. Enjoy, and happy 4th of July!

Synesthesia is a term for when a person’s sensory inputs get crossed; it may cause them to see numbers as colors, or colors as tastes, or any number of different sensory combinations. Join us this week as we explore this fascinating condition! Also: Jerry Springer signs off, Koko the gorilla dies, Porltand’s upcoming traffic hell-scape, roller derby talk, and more!

This episode Mark dives into some of the old and new internet scams that are making the rounds. In addition, we talk about our new video series with the Unipiper called “Bins Worthy” and let you know where you can find it before its official release! Also discussed: NASA’s most/least realistic movies list, Necco Wafers are back!, half mammal/half reptile found in Utah, the plague is in Idaho, dust storm on Mars shuts down NASA rover, and the 10 millionth US patent is approved.

Conspiracy theories are thriving in the internet age, even as access to facts become easier. So what’s going on? Why do people believe in conspiracy theories? Greg Nibler of Funemployment Radio and Digital Trends sits in this week to talk about his favorite theories and why these theories continue to thrive. Also: American Airlines’ therapy animal guidelines, lie-detecting computer kiosks, world’s oldest living person: “every day is a punishment,” Google removes “Don’t Be Evil” from mission statement, Top 50 websites, and Bitcoin takes up .5% of the world’s electricity. Enjoy!

Hear Greg every day on Funemployment Radio!

In this episode we go to war! Both Mark and Todd pick a dozen random and fascinating short articles from Wikipedia and go head-to-head to see who uncovered the most interesting and obscure entries. Cut your hair accordingly! Also: the Unipiper finds his own Wiki-hole and brings us along for the ride. In the news: Amazon record profits!….and Amazon Prime’s price increase, ABBA reunites, tinnitus treatment, vomit-inducing caterpillars, Harvard to resurrect woolly mammoth, an undercover Lego crime ring in Portland, and breaking news about exploding urine. Players….FIGHT!

Let’s Trim Our Hair In Accordance With Socialist Lifestyle

Concrete is such a fundamental aspect of humanity that we barely even notice it anymore. It’s literally pedestrian. This episode we find out why and how concrete came to be, and how it formed the modern world we live in. Also: “King of Kong” winner controversy, the sound of black holes colliding, the rapture is upon us, Wapato Jail sold, “Pirates of the Caribbean” ships on Oregon coast, Art Bell dies, Japan’s robot mayor, world’s most hipster cities, throw out your romaine lettuce, and the world is in the grips of a Necco Wafer panic! Enjoy!

Black holes and dark matter are such a mystery, scientists are still trying to unwrap their secrets. In this episode, we take a look at the basics of black holes, and struggle to understand dark matter, which is the mysterious substance that makes up most of the universe. Plus, the Unipiper joins us in studio to talk fake Unipipers, Sasquatches, and WWeek’s “Best of Portland 2018.” Also: LED street lights causing headaches, world’s largest dinosaur footprint, zombie raccoons, fart detectors, and what 167 theramins sound like playing Beethoven. Enjoy! (Click here to nominate the Unipiper as “Best Local Celebrity” and Portland at the Movies as “Best Portland Podcast!)

If I can’t exhale at the speed of sound, how does my voice travel the speed of sound? How do the Eastern Oregon hot springs work? And who knew Alyssa Milano’s dad was such a successful Hollywood sound editor? These questions and more will be answered in this meandering and interesting episode. Also discussed: “Embiggen” added to the dictionary, oil companies buy Utah monuments for drilling, Amazon patents drones to recognize flailing and screaming gestures, the Texas-sized (?) Pacific Garbage Patch, earliest North American footprint found, China face IDs and tickets jaywalkers, mind-reading technology, new human organ discovered, and turtles develop karate-chopping flippers. Cowabunga, dude!

Between movies, TV, and advertising, our heads are full of songs we know note-for-note, but know nothing else about. This week, Brian “The Unipiper” sits in for a vacationing Mark and digs into the history and origins or some of the most famous songs we don’t know the origins of. Also, “Toys R Us” and “I Heart Radio” file for bankruptcy, autism neurology breakthrough, WalMart patents robot bees, and “Weird” Al makes history. Enjoy!

Like most of us, you probably think of Michael Jackson on the cover of the National Enquirer when you hear “Hyperbaric Chamber.” Surprisingly, they’re not just kookie, weirdo nonsense, but hold legitimate, scientific purpose. This week we learn all about them, and hear a first-hand account of what it’s like to use one. Also, the Unipiper is in-studio to tell us all about the First Annual Tonya Harding Film Festival! Also: Detecting autism, eradicating polio (also, what is polio?), SpaceX, Foreign Accent Syndrome, Best Buy stops selling CDs, Bitcoin heist, and drones take over the fashion runways. Enjoy!

This week Todd recaps his journey into opening his third eye as he describes his sensory deprivation salt water float experience. Then we dive into the surprisingly fascinating and innovative history of a much maligned (well, maligned by Todd) RC Cola! All that, plus: The Unipiper is art!, liquid mirror telescopes, Amazon tracks and “nudges” workers, Amazon/Berkshire Hathaway/JP Morgan insurance, SF clears marijuana convictions, and amateur astronomer finds missing NASA satellite. Enjoy with a frosty cold Nehi!

In 1984, 751 people in the town of The Dalles, Oregon were sickened with salmonella when a group led by Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh poisoned the salad bars of local restaurants. It was the beginning of the end of one of the largest and most invasive cults in the United States, and came complete with a fleet of Rolls Royces. Discover the Rajneeshes on this fascinating episode. Plus, the Unipiper joins us to chat about a new project! Also discussed: RIP Rosie the Riveter and Mort Walker, electric barges, solar tariffs, super blood moon, Musk’s flamethrower, and scandal in the world of camel beauty pageants. Enjoy!

There are no mistakes, just “happy accidents.” In this episode, we take a look at a bunch of scientific innovations and inventions – from Corn Flakes to penicillin to the microwave to Play-Doh – that came about quite by happy accidents. And the Unipiper joins us in studio to taste test Japanese snack foods. Also: TV spin-offs, SpaceX spy satellite explosion, IV bag shortage, Echo Spot “Smart Alarm,” cancer-detecting blood test, 2017 second hottest year after 2016, Bill Gates pays Nigeria’s debt, and a 5-foot tape worm is the result of one man eating sushi for 5 days. Eat up!

Nate Heath Fundraiser for Ugandan Aid Trip

We’re back with a bonus-sized episode! This week we catch up with, well, everything — both the news stories we’ve been saving up, as well as a look back at the past year in science. And new father The Unipiper joins us to talk about his new daughter and visiting the best store in Portland! Topics: Epsom salt, FartMan, supermoons, DNA kits, ISIS, bad movie documentaries, taking an Uber instead of an ambulance, Library of Congress not saving every tweet, wireless charging, plants and streetlights, Mt. St. Helens earthquakes, chocolate shortage, and Dogecoin: the $1 billion dollar cryptocurrency. Much excitement! So laugh!

This week we welcome special guest and meteorologist Jack Bohl to chat about how climate works (or, more accurately, how we don’t really know specifically how it works), and how things have changed in weather science over the past few decades. Also, at the END of the episode (after many, many spoiler alerts), we’re joined in-studio with the Unipiper to talk about our reactions to “The Last Jedi.” News: Questions about black holes and Wikileaks, RIP Beaverton Dutch Store and Vera Katz, Mad Magazine moves, mystery Oreo revealed (we were right!), Navy rail gun update, Uber espionage, and asking the question “Can AI create art?” Enjoy!

“Quantum Computing” is a phrase we’re hearing more and more about it, and it’s something that seems like magic — because it sort of is. Let’s take a look at Quantum Computing, which is basically a technological Shroedinger’s Cat. Plus, the Unipiper talks about his busy upcoming schedule, and how to see him downtown! News: Spiders drink graphene, Tesla Roadster, Germany bans kids’ smart watch, Facebook to show Russian articles, and the exciting adventures of a Flat-Earth Rocket Scientist. Enjoy!

There are 7 different “Body Farms” – special areas designated by research scientists to study the decomposition of bodies to aid in the forensic analysis of unsolved crimes — located in the U.S. So what exactly goes on there? And how does a body farm get bodies? Plus, we take a close look at RCA’s “Selectron Disk,” (called a “Capacitance Electronic Disc,”) an analogue movie format from the early 80s that stored sound and picture on vinyl disks that played with a physical stylist. Also, the Unipiper calls in to throw shade at a certain celebrity who posted a Unipiper picture without credit. Scandal! This week’s news covers: self-driving shuttle crash, the “Vocktail,” Bill Gates’s “Smart City,” IBMs Watson diagnosis, Uber/NASA’s flying car plan, and a Portland cadaver company is raided by the FBI. In other news, Portland has a cadaver company. Enjoy!

Many of us have heard the terms “Deep Web,” “Dark Web,” and maybe even “TOR/Onion Routing,” but what exactly are those things? Or where are they? And am I on some sort of watch-list for even knowing about them? This week we dive into the hidden corners of the Internet that lay right under the surface. Plus: The Unipiper talks Interactive Board Game Museums and “Underwater Hockey.” Also discussed: a Beluga whale speaks dolphin, Kennedy Papers and Climate Change Papers, LED stoplights not hot enough, Bitcoin skyrockets, and rampaging dishwashers. Thanks for listening, and don’t forget to rate and subscribe.

Because people asked for it, here’s a stand-alone compilation of the Dad Jokes Mark told during the first 100 episodes. Buckle down, it’s 27 minutes of the most groan-inducing jokes you’ve ever heard. You’ve been warned.

We celebrate 100 (!) episodes by sharing mics with fellow podcast nerds Nate and Dave from the NotNerd podcast. Join us as we talk tech, Mystery Oreos (delivered in person via flaming bagpipe procession by the Unipiper himself!), the death of Kinect, and the 15 most influential websites of all time. It’s a fantastic 100th show – and don’t miss out on the 27-minute compilation of Mark’s “Dad Jokes” from the past 100 episodes at the very end! (Seriously…if I had to listen to them all, then you have to as well.)

Thanks to everyone who listens – it’s been an awesome first 100 shows!

This week we spin the Wheel of Wikipedia and discuss half a dozen short-but-sweet topics, ranging from why we don’t refer to the president as “Your Majesty” to “Berserk Llama Syndrome” to a Cold War CIA project called “Acoustic Kitty.” All that, and the Unipiper works blue as he talks about what’s going on around town. Plus: Lake Oswego v. Public Riffraff, “Steve” the Northern Lights, AIM shuts down, Musk delays truck, “Project Loon” depoloys wifi balloons, and Google’s new in-ear translation ear buds. Enjoy!

In this week’s episode we take a look at crystals: the otherworldly, geometric webbing of solid (and sometimes liquid) materials that make our up our fancy rings, computers, and TVs.Plus, the Unipiper dishes some great upcoming Halloween activities! Plus: “Smart” billboards and the terrifying side of machine learning, Elon Musk goes to the moon and to Mars, Musk’s mom is the new CoverGirl, Hitler’s underwear sells at auction, and our new plans of growing a gigantic floating pumpkin for the next year’s Giant Pumpkin Regatta in Tualatin. Enjoy, and be safe.

It’s a super-sized episode as we get back into the swing of things and take a detailed look at the role the Cassini-Huygens Probe has played in our understanding of Saturn and its moons. And we catch up on news with stories about Herman the Sturgeon, Oregon cell phone law, robotic dental surgery, Amazon’s N. Portland fulfillment center, the largest electric vehicle, Toys R Us bankruptcy, Manson Girl gets parole, Salvador Dali “is NOT the father!”, and the heavy ethical questions of the “Gaydar” AI and face recognition software. And remember: DON’T BE A TODD.

The future of food isn’t just GMO crops – it’s lab-grown and 3D-printed meat. As in real, perfect, just-like-meat meat, grown from animals’ stem and scaffolding cells, all done without harming or killing real animals. Join us as we extrude the facts about “unnatural meats.” Also: The coldest thing ever and record breaking heat, “low-fat diets kill you,” stream movies with your library card, DC library hides banned books, British library releases DaVinci papers, Frankfurt evacuated for WW2 bombs, and riding the rails with Ty Pennington. Enjoy!

The eclipse and its hype has passed, but Brian “The Unipiper” Kidd joins us in-studio to talk about our fantastic and memorable trip to Idaho and Eastern Oregon last weekend. We talk about some interesting old towns, our cabin in the woods, as well as what exactly is going on with the Umatilla Chemical Weapons Depot, which can be seen off I-84 in the Easter Oregon hinterlands. Travel with us, won’t you? Also: Chuck Palahniuk time capsule, Washington’s record apple crop, US Embassy experiences “Acoustic Attack,” Musk’s “Neuralink,” and a rescued pig is served as dinner to his rescuers. I AM AN ACTOR.

We all know the nursery rhyme about Lizzie Borden and the untimely demise of her parents. But how much of it is true? And what actually happened in that Massachusetts house in 1892 that we still talk about it today? Find out on this week’s show. Also discussed: Canadian wildfires and the PNW heat wave, Bitcoin splits, TriMet fares for low income riders, fire-starting cats, and bullet-proof armadillos. It’s more fun than you can swing an ax at!

Tiny bones, flexing membranes, percussive protection, and some fluid for good measure — our ability to hear and instantly translate sound into meaning is both amazingly advanced, yet mechanically fairly simple. Take a listen to this week’s discussion about how our ears work. Plus, the Unipiper talks all about his big meetup with Times Square’s World-Famous “The Naked Cowboy”! News discussed: The Perseid meteor shower to be the brightest in 96 years, Kenton’s Paul Bunyan statue renovation, the story of Francis Gabe and her self-cleaning house, Elon Musk news, and more train talk! Enjoy!

Emojis are everywhere from plush toys to lip balm to the movie theaters, but where did they come from? Does someone own them? Can I design my own? Find out the answers in this surprising look at the history of emojis. Also discussed: PDX wins best airport again, Oregon hotel scams for the eclipse, OMSI’s record-breaking baking soda volcano, Washington State new cell phone/driving law, and more news about things that are the size of Delaware. [winky-face-clown-hat]

This week we look at what exactly is happening when you see a mirage or other atmospheric phenomenon (phenom-mnah), and how light bends around and through the air like crashing waves to create optical illusions that appear right in front of us. Also, the Unipiper talks terrible movie trailers and Sea Pickles! This week’s news stories: Pacific Foods sells for $700m, Oregon raises cigarette buying age, Paul McCartney finally gets his music back, Tesla in Australian rich-man’s bet, driving the Wienermobile, and the new (probably feces-filled) beach on the banks of the Wilamette. Phenom-mnah.

Much like salt, sugar has played an integral role in the spreading of humans around the world. Domesticated by New Guinea, powdered by India, perfected by Muslims, spread by Crusades, and the reason half of the 11 million slaves were brought to the New World, the story of sugar hasn’t always been sweet. Also discussed: Tesla finally makes the Model 3, Musk digs first tunnel, NASA has to deny Mars child slavery colony, Portland’s Mounted Police no more, free eclipse glasses at libraries, McDonald’s home delivery, hideous sunburns, and the effects of elevation on Todd’s precious Diet Coke refills. Enjoy!

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Mark and Toddcast Episode

join us as we discuss Portland, Science and today's topic "Sugar"

Posted by The Mark and Toddcast on Monday, July 3, 2017

Todd is out of town, so Brian “The Unipiper” Kidd fills in to chat with Mark about the world of file sharing and torrenting. Also discussed: a steel mill that only needs 14 employees, an Uber-like bathroom roams NYC, too hot for airplanes to fly, how eggs get their shape, “Weird Al” on the Walk of Fame, sweat-powered electronics, and it’s now legal to break someone’s car window to save a dog. Enjoy this episode of “The Mark and Brian” show!

It’s not an understatement to say that trains built this country, and to this day are the backbone of our transportation industry. In this episode we take a closer look at a few of the engineering marvels that keep our trains moving. Also, the Unipiper talks about his upcoming appearance on ABC’s “The Gong Show”! Plus: Amazon buys Whole Foods, coconut oil controversy, AIs develop their own language, world’s largest duck in Tacoma, wooden skyscraper in the Pearl District, LEGO Multnomah Falls, and vintage video straight from a 1992 department store electronics aisle.

Have you ever wondered how they pack such intricate explosions into those compact projectiles when you’re watching fireworks? Find out the history and mechanics of fireworks on this week’s show! Plus, the Unipiper tells us what it was like to lead the Rose Festival Starlight Parade! Also discussed: a fantastic James Bond doc, Ivar’s Acres of Clams sells flagship location, Portland needs water treatment plant, a monkey mafia that holds stolen goods for ransom, Amazon grocery kiosks, and vampire bats on a rampage. Explosive!

William Shakespeare changed the world with his writing, but for centuries people have argued he never even existed at all. From Mark Twain to Walt Whitman to even members of the US Supreme Court (who held a “trial” about it as late as 1987), people have asked the question: “Who was William Shakespeare?” We’ll find out in this episode. Also, the Unipiper talks Sir Mix-a-lot, Oregon towns brace for the eclipse, Global Seed Vault floods, (S)Pam explosion in Mulkiteo, dairy water reclamations, and a terrifying Cyclops Goat that will haunt your dreams. Enjoy!

The Thing That Should Not Be:

IBM’s “Watson” is more than just an AI or supercomputer – it’s a staggering step into a future of machines that can both learn (it can learn up to a million books per minute) and communicate with humans in a straight-forward and natural way. What is it? How does it work? Are we all going to die? Find out in this week’s episode. The Unipiper also joins us to talk about his appearance in the Alaska Airlines magazine, and being voted the 3rd best mascot in all of Oregon. Also: vaccines don’t cause autism (still), a bank for developers, lab-grown meats, 400 dead birds in Galveston, the FDA can only watch FoxNews, fake service dogs becoming a problem, and “gorilla food songs.” Enjoy! #marksPresident #marksAmerica

In this episode we take a look at momentum and how it moves the world around us (and how it relates to inertia! Whee!). Pirouette with us through this interesting discussion, as well as the Unipiper’s guide to sloths and the city. Also discussed: “Sheeple” now in the dictionary, Amazon’s super practical and not at all scary “Look” device, Apple’s data farms in Oregon, NSA spies on us using blimps, surgeon aims for head transplant in 3 years, and how female dragonflies fake death to avoid aggressive mating males. Enjoy!

Hedy Lamarr was considered one of the most beautiful movie stars in the world in the ’30s and ’40s, but she also helped invent a frequency-hopping communications technology implemented by the US Navy in the ’60s, and is still used in the WiFi and Bluetooth technology we use today. Find out her intriguing story on this week’s episode. Also: a documentary just for Todd, robot suitcases, Google’s quantum computing, nanocar races, Oreo’s “cookies & cream” flavor, Steve Ballmer data mines the gov’t, Snapchat buys “Yo,” and the Unipiper discusses how someone gets a blue verification checkmark on Twitter and Facebook. Enjoy!

CRISPR is a method of editing human DNA that is as amazing and futuristic as it is troubling and ultimately terrifying. Is humanity ready for designer super humans and DNA hacking? It doesn’t matter — either way it will soon be an everyday reality. Plus, the Unipiper talks new projects! Also discussed: Playboy in braille, apes know wrong decisions, brains make 2 copies of each memory, ads using home AI, how to find out who died in your house, eating roadkill now legal, repealing the ban on dueling, and what came first – the cello or the piano? Enjoy, and don’t forget to like, subscribe, and rate the show.

“Wait, ‘Face Blindness’ is real?” was my reaction to hearing about this strange (and real) condition called “prosopagnosia” that causes those afflicted to be unable to recognize or remember the faces of even those closest to them — and even themselves. Plus, the Unipiper talks Vintage Radio Society and the Yamhill County Plow Competition! Also discussed: SpaceX successfully reuses rocket, the Apollo Fusion project, “slowpoke” traffic law, waiting 25 seconds for snacks, real-life Sharknado, and Todd gets a “Face Bra.” Enjoy!

Kielen King’s Awesome 8-Bit album “8-Bit Ships”

Face Blindness Test

This week we take a look at a man named John Harrison, who revolutionized naval navigation in the early 1700s through clocks — at first inventing a gyroscopic-like containment system for a giant pendulum, then refining an oversized “pocket watch” that Captain Cook himself used to navigate — all the while battling a 50 year war for the financing and recognition he deserved. Also discussed: Oregon’s new bottle deposit, Tualatin Cracker Barrel, real-life Robocops, graphine skin that can feel, Senate allows your browser history to be sold, parrots high on drugs, tequila clouds, an astonishing update on “The Storyteller” from our episode “Dinner in the Dark,” and a day camp for dogs. If you don’t love it, my name ain’t Admiral Sir Cloudsy Shovel!

Day Camp for Dogs!

This week the Unipiper joins us in-studio to talk about his recent trip to Holland for a TV show, and then stays for a conversation about an American town made uninhabitable by a 400-acre underground coal fire that has been continually burning since 1962 (and was the inspiration for the setting of the Silent Hill video game franchise). Plus: wacky Dutch snack foods, can you really not scream in space?, another Portland landmark closes, Goodyear’s last blimp, Alexander Graham Bell is a thieving fraud, Cheerios flower giveaway scandal, labor dispute settled by Oxford comma, and landscape billboards. All that and giraffe talk! Enjoy!

The best giraffe gif of all time

There’s a historic total solar eclipse coming up later this year, so we take this opportunity to talk about the various types and phases of solar and lunar eclipses. Spoilers: the sun will melt your eyes right out of your face, so don’t just look through a hole in a piece of paper. We also talk to the Unipiper about anarchist potholes and freestyle mustaches! Also: “Grimm” sale, storing data on single atoms, Waze vs. city traffic planners, gluten-free your way to diabetes, Voodoo Donuts goes LA, Ramses II statue discovered, Mona Lisa’s smile, female shark eats male shark for bumping into her, and a regurgitated story about Inky the Octopus’s brave escape from the aquarium #neverforget.

How Music Taste Evolved: Every Top 5 Pop Hit from 1958-2016

What exactly are the “preservatives” we find in our food? Are they poison? Magic? Natural? Safe? This week we take a look at the various methods in which we keep our foods fresh and disease free (which inexplicably involves both Napoleon and ionizing radiation). Plus: The Unipiper talks Nintendo Switch and Grimm, Google Deep Learning predicts cancer, DNA file storage, classic arcade games lose CRTs, New Mexico always on DST, typo causes Amazon outage, Musk sends men around moon, perils of space travel, a cat purr generator, and just how much pee *is* in your pool, anyway? Enjoy!

American Science and Surplus Store
Cat Purr Generator

Salt is as important to modern human existence as water, touching every arena of life from biology to medicine, from culinary to monetary, and even to the spread of civilization. Get a tiny taste of what makes this substance so amazing in this week’s episode. Also, the Unipiper talks Portland, new planets discovered, hieroglyphics to be published, Portland is 12th for “Worst Commute,” citronella is a dirty scam, “merely attractive” vs. “very attractive,” RIP Naked Chicken Chalupa, and the Dutch continue to spread good tidings of great joy through the selling of Stroopwafels at a local coffee shop. #AgeOfSpackle

Is hypnosis a real thing, or a carnival scam? Can your mind be controlled against your will? What is happening to the brain of someone who is hypnotized? Find out the answer to these and other mesmerizing questions on this week’s episode. Also: The Unipiper talks Wizard World, record Portland rain, YouTube auto-captioning, flavored water bottles, Google Spanner, cephalopods one step closer to global domination, and the UAE want to build on Mars. Enjoy this episode with your favorite oatmeal-flavored cereal!

Raise your beers to this episode about the surprisingly fascinating manufacturing and design background of the humble aluminum can. There’s a lot going on with this seemingly simple container, and we get to the bottom of it in this week’s show. Also: Male contraceptive gel, fewer # in Super Bowl ads, Tesla beats another record, TrumpTweetBot, Packy the elephant dies, declassified CIA maps, metal in the microwave, what causes traffic problems, and what *is* a booger? Oh, and Todd may or may not be on crack. Enjoy!

From Portland’s “Escape Room,” to Fukushima, to Denmark, to China, and finally to space, this roving episode covers a lot of ground. Join us as Mark, Todd, and the Unipiper recount their experience with one of Portland’s “Escape Rooms,” as well as catch up on all the science news we’ve been putting off over the past few weeks. Conducting electricity without heat, mass producing graphine, a Chinese factory replacing its workers with robots, and Denmark’s enormous wind turbines — it’s a jam-packed episode that feels like it goes by in a second, but also feels like it last for freaking ever. Enjoy!

The website Todd was talking about:
How Much Do They Know About You Based On Your Likes?

Brewsters Millions movie image Richard Pryor

You know those dinner parties where you’re blindfolded and made to sit in the dark while you’re served mystery foods to eat with your hands? We do! Hear about our sensory/social experiment, both from the POV of the blinded and sighted. Plus: The Doomsday Clock, what exactly *is* an Executive Order?, human-pig embryos, US’s largest off-shore windfarm approved, Large Hadron Collider to find parallel universes, cyborg grasshoppers, the Unipiper “pipes the haggis,” and a robot learns to update and print itself. It’s a feast for the senses!

Riona’s Cave of Treasures

Comic City USA Exhibit

The “Internet of Things” is a term both vague and exact, and it will be running all of our lives very soon. What exactly is it? How will it intertwine itself in our lives? Will Todd ever secretly order his shame-pizza using the internet of things? We discuss it all in this week’s episode. Also: The Unipiper talks Battlestar Galactica screenings & trendy ampersands, can pirating a movie be ethical?, the Inauguration Speech’s 27 new words, the transfer of the POTUS social media, Louis CK plays Ground Kontrol, “air selfies,” NASA adjusts the clock, tedious talk about the mechanics of comedy, and a roadway is littered with red Skittles on their way to be turned into cattle feed. Enjoy!

And because I know no one will believe me. Now it has to be in your brain, too.

Is it possible to write a movie whose dialogue consists solely of ham-fisted doctor puns? Is it necessary to film an entire movie in a tiny park in unincorporated SW Portland even though it mostly takes place indoors, and Oregon is never even mentioned or seen? Why does this movie even exist? Join us as we demand answers from the 1992 horror/slasher film “Dr. Giggles,” the first movie production of Portland’s own Dark Horse Comics. [Insert medical pun here]

Douglas Engelbart is not a household name, but you owe much of what you do in day-to-day life to him. He invented modern computing, and by 1968 he had the vision to predict what our lives would look like today. Hear his story on today’s episode. All that, and the Unipiper talks anime screenings and Harry Potter symphonies! Also: Ringling Bros. Circus calls it quits, new DB Cooper evidence, new Lady Liberty coins, FB wants to control our thoughts, goat yoga, and Mark tells a bonkers story about performing with the circus. Enjoy!

What are the driving forces behind conspiracy theories, and how do they work? We’ll take a look at the psychological and social building blocks needed for conspiracy theories to spread, and how pieces of them leak out into public discourse. Also discussed: Weird documentaries, Google Home fights itself, California’s drive-thru tree falls, feed your baby peanuts immediately, Faraday’s “Tesla-busting” car, Hanford radiation still spreading, Charles Manson is going to die, and the Unipiper talks Escape Rooms and reptile conventions. Enjoy, unless you’re one of the SHEEPLE who don’t like the show!

As 2016 comes to a close, we take a look at the biggest news stories from this past year, from the detection of gravitational waves, to SpaceX, to advancements in medicine, to a brand new prime number (2^74,207,281 minus 1, for those curious). Join us as we take a look back. Also: The Unipiper’s gift guide, Portland’s big storm, Heimlich dies, Elon joins Trump, ODOT considers salt, North Dakota pipeline spills, a whipped cream shortage, eternal data storage method, and putting history into context. Enjoy, and don’t forget to turn into the skid!

Todd’s Custom Notebook Site:

Penman Custom Made Hats

Unipiper Video

download this episode “The Year in Science Minus One”

This week’s show is packed, as we catch up with a bevvy of news stories and followups we’ve been collecting. Also, we talk to the Unipiper about his very popular last video (6.5 million views in 2 days!), and what happens when a video starts going viral. This week’s stories include: how puns affect the brain, Todd’s Facebook “like” problem, Fukashima radiation hits Oregon, the guy who stuck his head in an operating particle accelerator, 50% of people remember being at events that never happened, dinosaur tail with feathers discovered, the periodic table is complete, Canadian AI writes a Christmas song, John Glenn dies, and robots take over crap jobs. Enjoy!

Anatoli Bugorski: “I wonder what the inside of that particle accelerator looks like?”
Anatoli Bugorski

Canadian AI sings a christmas carol!

In 1986, the world saw first-hand what a wide-spread nuclear disaster could look like when the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant melted down. What happened? What were the effects both short term and long term? Find out on this fascinating episode. Also discussed: Tardigrade mating, Netflix off-line streaming, how do you solve a problem like pooping in space?, Jimmy Mack’s and Green Dragon close, the Unipiper talks the West Hills martini glass, and more!


What do you get when you mix 3 respected Oscar winners and one of the most beautiful cities in America? In the case of “The Hunted,” sadly, you get crap. But boy was the crap fun to talk about! Join us as we discuss this 2003 made-in-Portland movie, starring two main characters who hate to talk, emote, or follow the rules of actual time. Come for the stick smelling, stay for the smelting! Enjoy!


Confirmation Bias is the tendency to search for, favor, and recall information that confirms one’s already existing beliefs, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities. It’s also something we’re all guilty of, because we have it for some very primal survival reasons. Combined with how easily most human beings conform to simple displays of authority (to the point of actual murder), this tendency can be problematic. Find out how to combat your own stupid brain and biases in this week’s episode. Also: DB Cooper’s FBI files released, update on the 1919 Boston molasses disaster, 3D bioprinting facility, Plymouth settlement evidence, mammoth discovery rewrites timeline, the Catholic Church’s new “Sindr” app, and the Unipiper talks about the history of “Keep Portland Weird” (yes, we know it’s from Austin). Enjoy!


If you ever wondered who Einstein idolized, his name was James Maxwell, a pioneering mathematician of the 19th century. Hear about his amazing story, and how we still use the formulas he created, in this episode. Also discussed: Free State Parks on Black Friday, why Portlanders don’t use umbrellas, students fix Facebook’s fake news problem, foam floods Santa Clara, man dissolves in Yellowstone, and the Unipiper joins us in-studio to talk Santa Con. Enjoy!



The country is in a rough place right now, and there’s only one man that can help: Mr. Rogers. We’ll take a look at how this quiet man turned kindness into true power, and made us all believe we truly mattered. Intriguingly, he also saved PBS and went to the Supreme Court to defended the public’s right to tape things off TV to their VCRs. Let’s come together and be the people Mr. Rogers knew we could be. Also discussed: Super moon, Canada’s mystery noise, USB AIDS test, implant for ALS, UK ditches coal, Trump wants to send us to Jupiter, and the Unipiper talks Christmas and “yarn bombing.” Enjoy, and be kind.

Mr. Rogers talks with Jeff as a kid, and at the TV Hall of Fame induction.

Mr. Rogers speaks before Congress on the importance of public broadcasting.


Every 4 years we complain about it, and then we immediately forget it: the Electoral College. This week we look at what it is, how it works, and why we still use this outdated and bizarrely convoluted process. Also in this episode: Tesla’s roof tiles, N. Dakota approves armed drones (!), driverless truck delivers beer, Cubs Win, ABBA reunites, and Mark & The Unipiper take a haunted trip to the Hot Lake Hotel. Enjoy!

Want to support the show? Buy one of Todd’s great pop culture notebooks, made from vintage materials like old comics and VHS boxes.